Fighting For Important Causes In State And Federal Courts
Title IX is a set of statutes that protects anyone involved in a federally funded education program from discrimination on the basis of sex. The laws contained in Title IX are frequently associated with athletics and the requirements to provide equal funding and opportunities to men’s and women’s programs in college and boy’s and girl’s programs in high school, but the laws also go further to help people remain free from sex-based discrimination in other ways in college and at universities throughout the country.
If you or a loved one faced discrimination on the basis of sex or gender in college or university, contact The Law Office of Andrew Shubin today. Our attorney for Title IX sex discrimination at colleges and universities works to protect clients from sex discrimination and get them justice for the discrimination they have already faced in education. For a free legal consultation on your case, call our law offices today at (814) 826-3586.
Colleges and Universities Covered by Title IX
Title IX specifically covers sex-based discrimination in higher education for institutions receiving federal funding. This means that nearly every educational institution in the United States is held to Title IX’s standards, even some libraries and museums on top of the thousands of high schools and colleges.
Even private colleges and universities are typically held to the standards of Title IX, because these institutions receive public funding from the U.S. government. It is extremely rare to find a college or university that is wholly funded by private or state funds, and most schools receive federal funding, qualifying their students for protections under Title IX.
Student Rights Under Title IX
Title IX was implemented as a follow-up to the Civil Rights Act and other legislation that works to protect people from discrimination. Focusing more particularly on education and sexual discrimination, Title IX explicitly states that sex cannot be used to exclude someone, deny them benefits, or discriminate against them with regard to any federally assisted program.
One of the core rights under Title IX is its application to athletics. Many students can afford to go to college based on their athletic skills, and access to sports and participation in those programs is essential to getting them an education or furthering their progress toward a professional athletic career. Sex discrimination in athletics can occur in various ways, all of which are outlawed under Title IX:
- Refusing opportunities for a student of the opposite sex
- Denying funding or scholarships based on sex
- Giving unequal access to facilities and equipment based on sex
- Giving different access to health services, tutoring, and coaching based on sex
- Failing to promote both men’s and women’s athletics
- Other student-athlete sex discrimination
Title IX extends beyond athletics, too. Most students do not participate in college athletics but are still protected from sex discrimination in other areas. The first major area of protection outside athletics is in admissions. Federally funded colleges cannot discriminate against men or women in allowing them to attend the college. Along with this, the school cannot discriminate in its access to financial assistance or financial aid, and facilities for housing and other accommodations must not subject students to sex discrimination.
Title IX also has many protections for students facing pregnancy, sexual assault, and other sex-related issues while attending school. Universities and colleges have a real problem with sexual assault, and it is against Title IX for a college to discriminate against a student who has been sexually assaulted or faces sexual violence on campus. Pregnant students also may not face discrimination because of their pregnancy.
These rules typically do not mean that males and females need to be treated identically, but it does prevent many instances of discrimination that could harm a student’s ability to succeed in college and in their future.
Protections are also available for professors and employees at colleges and universities where sex discrimination is concerned. Talk to a lawyer about how your rights can be protected.
Transgender and LGBTQ+ Rights Under Title IX
The U.S. Government’s history and enforcement of Title IX for transgender students and other students in the LGBTQ+ community has changed over the years and may continue to shift based on the current administration’s decisions. Some policies that were enforced under the Obama administration to protect transgender students and other LGBTQ+ students are no longer enforced under the Trump administration. However, many challenges are still being brought through the courts using Title IX’s sex discrimination rules to protect trans students, non-binary students, agender students, and others from discrimination.
Since the protections in Title IX protect from “sex” discrimination, they should broadly apply to some trans students and some specific issues. Other protections based on gender are not as strong because gender, perceived gender, gender expression, and other attributes are not explicitly protected under Title IX. Still, many victims of discrimination, their attorneys, and rights organizations have pushed for protection under Title IX. Since gender is related to sex, any discrimination based on gender should be considered discrimination on the basis of sex and should qualify for protection under Title IX. Our attorney is willing to fight to protect your rights under Title IX.
Call Our National Title IX Rights Attorney for Help Filing a Discrimination Lawsuit
If you or your college-aged child faced discrimination at a college or university because of their sex or gender, contact The Law Office of Andrew Shubin. Our education discrimination lawyers work to protect the rights of students in higher education throughout the United States and are not afraid to take your case to court to get you the protection you deserve under Title IX and other national civil rights legislation. For a free legal consultation on your case, call our attorneys today at (814) 826-3586.